Random PBS reported statistics on the Achievement Gap. Though we did not verify, they do list their sources.
Article: Fact Sheet: Outcomes for Young, Black Men | Tavis Smiley Reports | PBS
– On average, African American twelfth-grade students read at the same level as white
– The twelfth-grade reading scores of African American males were significantly lower than
those for men and women across every other racial and ethnic group.
– Only 14% of African American eighth graders score at or above the proficient level. These results reveal that millions of young people cannot understand or evaluate text, provide relevant details, or support inferences about the written documents they read.
Blended Learning has shown potential in bringing specialized learning, e.g. AP and Gifted and Talented classes to underfunded minority-major schools and districts.
Article Link: The Benefits of Blended Learning
If you’ve been hearing about blended learning in your school district, you are not alone. Blended learning is an approach to teaching in which students do part of their coursework in class and part of it online. An increasing number of school districts are using blended learning to make learning more accessible for all students.
There are as many ways to teach blended-learning classes as there are teachers. One of the more popular models involves credit recovery, a process through which students make up credits for classes they failed by completing the work they didn’t finish before. In this model, students are given modules of work to do at their own pace. Another popular model is to teach a traditional class but have students in class only a few days per week. In this model, students complete coursework outside of class and come to the classroom for teacher-planned activities that need to be done there.
Minority inclusion by HBCU recruiting and training.
Article Link: Google Hopes To Hire More Black Engineers By Bringing Students To Silicon Valley
In one small step to grow those numbers, this summer 25 students from Howard University, the historically black university based in Washington, D.C., will train at the tech giant’s headquarters in Mountain View, Caif.
With Howard West, as it’s being called, Google believes it can meet that goal faster, says Bonita Stewart, the company’s vice president of global partnerships.
“We have the opportunity to be able to build a qualified pipeline of talent across the black community,” she says.
Higher expectations from admin encourages entire senior class to apply for college.
Article Link: Entire senior class at D.C.’s Ballou High School applies to college
Ballou ranks among the city’s lowest-performing high schools on core measures.
Its graduation rate last school year, 57 percent, was second-lowest among regular schools in the D.C. Public Schools system, behind Anacostia High’s rate of 42 percent. (That comparison doesn’t include alternative schools.) Last school year, 3 percent of Ballou students tested met reading standards on citywide standardized exams. Almost none met math standards.
Despite these challenges, administrators said it was the Class of 2017 that decided all seniors would apply to college. The students themselves set the ambitious goal last spring. Administrators say they never doubted the students would meet it.
College enrollment has increased, but college completion remains an obstacle according to this article.
Report Link: The race gap in higher education is very real
While minority populations such as black and Hispanic students are on the rise numerically in higher education, their ability to enter and succeed in the college world is waning.
So says a new report by Young Invincibles — a national youth interest group formerly sponsored by the Center for Community Change — which details how growing gaps in access to and affordability of higher education map onto racial divides in society.
AP for All is working as planned and increasing minority participation. Students benefit from AP classes even when they do not pass. AP classes are commonly the student’s first introduction to College-level Rigor.
Link: City’s AP exam passing rates show gains, especially for black and Hispanic students
The number of students taking at least one AP exam in 2016 rose by nearly 3,500 students citywide, and over 1,800 more students passed an AP exam in 2016 than in the previous year.
Black and Hispanic students saw the largest gains. Participation among black students increased by over 14 percent and the number of students passing at least one AP exam increased by 18 percent. Hispanic students increased both passing and participation rates by about 10 percent.
The increased participation and passing rates are part of a trend that started before Mayor Bill de Blasio took office, but the mayor has supported expanded access to AP classes during his tenure. Last September, de Blasio announced “AP for All,” a program designed to boost the number of AP classes in schools with an eye toward making sure low-income students and students of color have equal access to the college-level courses.
A 2015 report by the Center for New York City Affairs at the New School found that more than half the city’s high schools did not offer a single AP course in math and about half did not offer an AP course in science. Currently, approximately 370 of the city’s roughly 500 high schools offer at least one AP class, according to the city’s education department.
Frequent objections to the SHSAT and the NYC’s elite Gifted and Talented Schools have frequently failed.
Link : Scant Support for Elite New York High Schools’ Admissions Options
Even with significant backing, passing the bills — one in each chamber — might be difficult. The bills seek to change a 1971 law that makes the exam, known as the Specialized High School Admissions Test, the only measure that can be used to admit students to Stuyvesant High School, the Bronx High School of Science and Brooklyn Technical High School.
The law was passed to appease parents, most of them white, who were worried about Board of Education proposals to introduce other criteria to diversify the schools, as backers of the new bill want to do.
And the test remains popular in some quarters, particularly among Asian and other immigrant groups who see passing the test as an attainable steppingstone to a good college and later success. While in office, Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg consistently said he saw no need to tweak the state law, known as the Hecht-Calandra Act. The new bills say the city should create an admission “power score” that would factor in a student’s grade point average, attendance and state exam scores, as well as the specialized admissions test, known as SHSAT.
A highly cited paper related to Stereotype Threat.
Paper PDF : Stereotype threat and the intellectual test performance of African Americans
Stereotype threat is being at risk of confirming, as self-characteristic, a negative stereotype about one’s group. Studies 1 and 2 varied the stereotype vulnerability of Black participants taking a difficult verbal test by varying whether or not their performance was ostensibly diagnostic of ability, and thus, whether or not they were at risk of fulfilling the racial stereotype about their intellectual ability.
Reflecting the pressure of this vulnerability, Blacks under-performed in relation to Whites in the ability-diagnostic condition but not in the non-diagnostic condition (with Scholastic Aptitude Tests controlled). Study 3 validated that ability-diagnosticity cognitively activated the racial stereotype in these participants and motivated them not to conform to it, or to be judged by it. Study 4 showed that mere salience of the stereotype could impair Blacks’ performance even when the test was not ability diagnostic.
The role of stereotype vulnerability in the standardized test performance of ability-stigmatized groups is discussed.
City announces AP for All, which should help the over 50% of minority students who do not have access to a single AP class at their schools.
Article Link: City launches $1.6M plan to improve school AP class diversity
City Education Department officials have launched a $1.6 million plan to bring more black and Hispanic students into Advanced Placement courses, the Daily News has learned.
The city’s new Lead Higher program aims to bring 1,400 of these students at two dozen public schools into AP classes that are often dominated by white and Asian students.
Just 7,386 black and Hispanic students passed AP exams in the 2014-15 school year, compared to 14,323 white and Asian students. Black and Hispanic kids account for roughly 70% of all city school students.
Melanie Katz, principal of Franklin D. Roosevelt High School in Brooklyn, said she hopes the Lead Higher program will help her add another 60 black and Hispanic students to AP classes in 2017.
In hopes of increasing the number of students experiencing college rigor courses prior to high-school graduation access to AP is increasing.
Article Link: Record Number of NYC Students Taking College-Level AP Classes, Mayor Says
A record 44,906 students took at least one Advanced Placement, or AP class, during the 2015-16 school year, up 8.4 percent from the year before. But only 24,006 of those students passed at least one of the tests, an increase of about 8.2 percent from the number who passed the year before, officials said.
More students of color enrolled in AP classes last year as well: the number of black students taking at least one class was up by 14.1 percent and the number of Hispanic students up by 9.9 percent compared to 2015.
The Department of Education launched a campaign last year called AP for All, which aims to equip every high school to offer at least five of the more rigorous courses, for which students can earn college credits, by the fall of 2021.